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ایمان اکبری احمد غلامی

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر قارچ میکوریزا، کاربرد ورمی‌کمپوست و اسید هیومیک بر درصد کلونیزاسیون و عملکرد کمی و کیفی گیاه دارویی رازیانه، آزمایشی به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در مزرعه اجرا شد. ورمی‌کمپوست در سه سطح شامل: v1 (عدم مصرف)، v2 (چهار تن در هکتار) و v3 (هشت تن در هکتار)، قارچ میکوریزا در دو سطح m1 (عدم تلقیح) و m2 (تلقیح قارچ) و اسیدهیومیک نیز در دو سطح h1 (عدم مصرف) و h2 (مصرف اسید هیومیک) در نظر گرفته شد. نتایج نشان داد که اثر اصلی هر سه عامل یعنی ورمی‌کمپوست، میکوریزا و اسید هیومیک بر عملکرد دانه، عملکرد اسانس و درصد اسانس دانه در سطح احتمال یک درصد معنی‌دار گردید. نتایج حاصل از جدول تجزیه واریانس بیانگر آن بود که اثرات متقابل ورمی‌کمپوست و میکوریزا بر عملکرد دانه و درصد اسانس دانه معنی‌دار بود. به‌طوری‌که مصرف 8 تن در هکتار و میکوریزا سبب شد تا عملکرد دانه 45 درصد نسبت به شاهد افزایش یابد. همچنین نتایج نشان داد که اثرات سه جانبه تنها بر روی عملکرد اسانس و درصد اسانس رازیانه تأثیر معنی‌داری داشت. در این بررسی بیشترین مقدار آنتول از ترکیب تیماری کاربرد هشت تن در هکتار ورمی‌کمپوست همراه با اسید هیومیک و تلقیح میکوریزا به‌دست آمد. همچنین با افزایش در مقدار انتول مقادیر استراگول، فنکون و لیمونن در اسانس دانه کاهش یافت.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
اکبری ا., & غلامی ا. (2015). بررسی تأثیر همزیستی با میکوریزا، ورمی‌کمپوست و اسید هیومیک بر عملکرد اسانس و کلونیزاسیون ریشه گیاه دارویی رازیانه (Foeniculum vulgare Mill). پژوهشهای زراعی ایران, 13(4), 840-853. https://doi.org/10.22067/gsc.v13i4.42567
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی

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