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نظام آرمند حمزه امیری احمد اسماعیلی

چکیده

نتایج بررسی‌ها مؤید این است که محلول‌پاشی متانول نقش مؤثری در تحمل به خشکی گیاهان سه کربنه دارد. در این راستا به‌منظور بررسی اثر محلول‌پاشی متانول بر خصوصیات مورفولوژیکی لوبیا (رقم صدری) در شرایط تنش خشکی آزمایشی به‌صورت فاکتوریل (با دو عامل) در قالب طرح کاملاً تصادفی با سه تکرار به اجرا درآمد. عامل اول شامل تیمارهای مختلف محلول‌پاشی متانول با چهار سطح (شاهد یا بدون محلول‌پاشی، 10، 20 و 30 درصد حجمی) بود که محلول‌پاشی سه بار طی فصل رشد گیاه و با فواصل 10 روز صورت گرفت. عامل دوم تیمار تنش خشکی بود که شامل تنش خشکی شدید (25 درصد ظرفیت زراعی)، تنش خشکی ملایم (50 درصد ظرفیت زراعی) و بدون تنش خشکی (100 درصد ظرفیت زراعی) بود. نتایج این آزمایش نشان داد که در شرایط بدون تنش خشکی، محلول‌پاشی 30 درصد حجمی منجر به افزایش معنی‌داری از نظر ارتفاع بوته، تعداد شاخه جانبی، تعداد غلاف، وزن خشک ریشه و قطر ریشه نسبت به سطح شاهد شد. در شرایط تنش ملایم و شدید، سطوح متانول نتوانست اثرات منفی ناشی از تنش خشکی را کاهش دهد. مطالعه حاضر نشان داد که در شرایط تنش خشکی محلول‌پاشی متانول بر گیاه لوبیا مؤثر نیست.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
آرمندن., امیریح., & اسماعیلیا. (2015). تأثیر متانول بر خصوصیات مورفولوژیکی گیاه لوبیا (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) تحت تنش خشکی. پژوهشهای زراعی ایران, 13(4), 854-863. https://doi.org/10.22067/gsc.v13i4.43526
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی