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معصومه مکوندی عبدالمهدی بخشنده آیدین خدایی جوقان علی مشتطی محمد رضا مرادی تلاوت

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثر هم‌زیستی قارچ مایکوریزا (Glomus interadices) و کمپوست کود دامی ترکیب شده با زئولیت بر رشد و عملکرد تریتیکاله، آزمایشی مزرعه‌ای به‌صورت فاکتوریل و در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با چهار تکرار طی سال 97-1396 در مزرعه پژوهشی دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی خوزستان اجرا شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل کاربرد قارچ مایکوریزا در دو سطح (تلقیح و عدم تلقیح) و درصد اختلاط زئولیت با کمپوست کود دامی در شش سطح (0، 5، 10، 15، 20 و 25 درصد وزنی کود دامی) بودند. بر اساس نتایج به‌دست آمده در شرایط تلقیح قارچ بیشترین ارتفاع بوته در سطح 10 درصد زئولیت با میانگین 3/124 سانتی‌متر به‌دست آمد، در صورتی‌که در تیمار عدم تلقیح بیشترین ارتفاع بوته در سطح 20 درصد زئولیت با میانگین 6/106 سانتی‌متر حاصل شد. تعداد سنبله در متر مربع بر اثر کاربرد 20 درصد زئولیت (456) در حدود 36 درصد بیشتر از عدم کاربرد زئولیت (303) بود. در شرایط تلقیح مایکوریزا بیشترین عملکرد دانه (7/3510 کیلوگرم در هکتار) به تیمار کاربرد 10 درصد زئولیت و کمترین عملکرد دانه (6/1579کیلوگرم در هکتار) به تیمار عدم کاربرد زئولیت تعلق گرفت، در حالی‌که در شرایط عدم کاربرد قارچ مایکوریزا برای افزایش عملکرد دانه به زئولیت بیشتری نیاز بود و با افزایش میزان زئولیت تا 20 درصد عملکرد دانه افزایش یافت. با توجه به نتایج آزمایش حاضر مصرف 10 درصد زئولیت در کمپوست کود دامی به همراه تلقیح با قارچ مایکوریزا، برای افزایش عملکرد دانه تریتیکاله توصیه می­گردد.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

اجزای عملکرد, قارچ اندوفیت, کود آلی, مواد اصلاح‌کننده کود

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ارجاع به مقاله
مکوندیم., بخشندهع., خدایی جوقانآ., مشتطیع., & مرادی تلاوتم. ر. (2019). اثر کمپوست کود دامی ترکیب شده با زئولیت و تلقیح مایکوریزا بر رشد و عملکرد تریتیکاله (X Tritico-secale Wittmack). پژوهشهای زراعی ایران, 18(1), 111-123. https://doi.org/10.22067/gsc.v18i1.81266
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی