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عبداله ساجدی نورعلی ساجدی

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر بیوچار و پرایمینگ بذر با آب و سالیسیلیک اسید توأم با محلول‌پاشی بر عملکرد، اجزای عملکرد و درصد روغن گلرنگ در شرایط دیم، آزمایشی به‌صورت اسپلیت- اسپلیت پلات در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در سال 96-1395 در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی اراک انجام شد. عوامل آزمایشی شامل بیوچار در سه سطح (عدم مصرف، 5 و10 تن در هکتار)، پرایمینگ بذر در سه سطح (بدون پرایمینگ، پرایمینگ بذر با آب مقطر و پرایمینگ بذر با محلول 5/0 میلی‌مولار سالیسیلیک اسید) و محلول‌پاشی در دو سطح (با آب و محلول 1 میلی‌مولار سالیسیلیک اسید) بودند. نتایج نشان داد با مصرف 5 و 10 تن در هکتار بیوچار، درصد ظهور گیاهچه نسبت به شاهد به‌ترتیب 7/23 و 4/40 درصد افزایش یافت. پرایمینگ بذر همراه محلول‌پاشی با آب تعداد طبق بارور در بوته را نسبت به شاهد 9/13 درصد افزایش داد. بیشترین تعداد دانه در طبق از مصرف 5 تن در هکتار بیوچار و پرایمینگ با آب مقطر حاصل شد. با مصرف 5 تن در هکتار بیوچار همراه پرایمینگ با آب یا سالیسیلیک اسید، عملکرد دانه به‌ترتیب 4/22 و 7/8 درصد نسبت به شاهد (عدم پرایمینگ و عدم مصرف بیوچار) افزایش یافت. بیشترین درصد روغن از مصرف 5 تن در هکتار بیوچار و پرایمینگ با آب توأم با محلول‌پاشی با سالیسیلیک اسید حاصل شد. به‌طور کلی نتایج نشان داد که با مصرف 5 تن در هکتار بیوچار و پرایمینگ با آب توأم با محلول‌پاشی می‌توان به عملکرد کمی و کیفی مطلوب گلرنگ در شرایط دیم دست یافت.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

اجزای عملکرد, پیش‌تیمار بذر, درصد روغن, دانه روغنی, کشت دیم

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ارجاع به مقاله
ساجدیع., & ساجدین. (2019). تأثیر بیوچار، پرایمینگ بذر و محلول‌پاشی با آب و سالیسیلیک اسید بر عملکرد گلرنگ در شرایط دیم. پژوهشهای زراعی ایران, 17(2), 305-316. https://doi.org/10.22067/gsc.v17i2.74484
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی