Manuscript Structure

Manuscripts must be written by MS Word software. A4 paper size and double-spaced format must be used at the main text. All pages and lines should be numbered continuously. Times New Roman font type and 14 and 12 font sizes must be selected for title (in Bold) and the main text, respectively. The following list should be considered by authors.


  • Title page
  • Abstract
  • Key words
  • Introduction 
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results and Discussion
  • Conclusion
  • Acknowledgment 
  • References
  • Extended Abstract


Title page: The title must be written in both Persian and English languages as a center alignment.It should be informative and not more than 15 words.

Authors' name and affiliations must be presented below the title. The affiliation includes full postal and email address and should be referred to authors by superscript number after author's name. Corresponding author should be introduced as a person who not only take the responsibility of the paper, but also handle correspondence at all different stages of reviewing and publication.

Abstract: the importance of abstract is clear as it is the section that reader gets a general view at first. The paper should include abstract not exceeding 150 words.The abstract should state the main purpose, methodology and findings of the study. It must be prepared in a way that it is able to stand alone.

 Key words: following the abstract, a maximum of 5 keywords must be added with alphabetical order.

 Introduction: It is essential to present adequate background of the field of research.The main reasons and objectives of the research paper must be explained in this section.

 Materials and Methods: An overview of the research design should be clearly reported. The previous published procedures would be cited and methods used in the paper should be described in detail. Types of analysis should be also mentioned in this section.

Results and discussion: A logical sequence should be considered to present results (tables and figures). Authors have to avoid use and describe the same data in different forms repeatedly. In discussion part, the importance and significance of the results should be explored in detail. The results would be considered in relation to hypotheses mentioned in the introduction section. There is no problem to combine results and discussion by authors.

 Conclusion: All concluding remarks and important findings should be integrated in conclusion section.

 Acknowledgment: Information related to research grant, assistance of colleagues and notes of appreciation should be written in acknowledgement section.

 Authors should follow the below citation and reference list styles.

Single author:  (Loghavi, 2008)

Two authors: (Aghkhani and Abbaspour-Fard, 2009)

Three authors and more: (Abbaspour-Fard et al., 2008)

Multiple citations: (Smith, 1999; Samuel et al., 2008; Smith and Samuel, 2009)


Journal article

Aghkhani, M. H., and M. H. Abbaspour-Fard. 2009. Automatic off-road vehicle steering

system with a surface laid cable: Concept and preliminary tests. Biosystems Engineering 103: 265-270.


Lindsay, W. L. 1979. Chemical Equilibria in Soils. John Wiley & Sons, NewYork.

 Reference to a chapter in a book

Mettam, G. R., and L. B. Adams. 1999. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. PP 281-304 in B. S. Jones and R. Z. Smith eds. Introduction to the Electronic Age.
E-Publishing Inc., New York.

 Reference to Thesis/Dissertation

Abbaspour-Fard, M. H. 2001. The dynamic behavior of particulate biomaterials using discrete element method (DEM). Faculty of Agriculture. Newcastle University, Newcastle Upon Tyne.

 Conference proceeding

Hemmat, A., V. I. Adamchuk, and P. Jasa. 2007. On-the-go soil strength sensing using an instrumented disc coulter. International Agricultural Engineering Conference (IAEC). Asian Association for Agricultural Engineering, Bangkok, Thailand.

 Web references

Brittion, A. 2006. How much and how often should we drink British Medical Journal, 332: 1224-1225. Available from: Accessed 2 June 2006.