مطالعه تغذیه برگی کلات آهن به فرم‌های نانو و معمول بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد زیره سبز (Cuminum cyminum L.) در شرایط تنش خشکی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه زابل

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر محلول پاشی کلات آهن به فرم‌های معمول و نانو بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد زیره سبز آزمایشی در سال زراعی 95-1394 در مزرعه‌ای واقع در شهر اصفهان به‌صورت کرت‌های خرد شده در قالب طرح پایه بلوک کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار انجام شد. دور آبیاری به‌عنوان عامل اصلی شامل فواصل آبیاری پنج، 10 و 15 روز و محلول‌پاشی کلات آهن به‌عنوان عامل فرعی در پنج سطح شامل شاهد (محلول‌پاشی با آب)، 2 گرم در لیتر کلات آهن به فرم معمول، 2 گرم در لیتر نانو کلات آهن، 4 گرم در لیتر کلات آهن به فرم معمول و 4 گرم در لیتر نانو کلات آهن در نظر گرفته شد. بیشترین و کمترین تعداد چتر با مقادیر 6/15 و 4/11 در بوته به‌ترتیب از دور پنج و 15 روز آبیاری به‌دست آمد. کمترین ارتفاع بوته به‌میزان 3/21 سانتی‌متر در تیمار شاهد (عدم محلول‌پاشی) مشاهده گردید. کمترین وزن هزار دانه (5/1 گرم)، عملکرد دانه (7/610 کیلوگرم در هکتار) و عملکرد بیولوژیک (1767 کیلوگرم در هکتار) در شرایط عدم محلول‌پاشی و دور آبیاری 15 روز مشاهده گردید. کاربرد 2 گرم در لیتر نانو کلات آهن توانست به‌اندازه کاربرد 4 گرم در لیتر کلات آهن به فرم معمول، عملکرد دانه زیره سبز را افزایش دهد. بر اساس نتایج پژوهش حاضر، می‌توان اظهار داشت در شرایط تنش خشکی، با محلول‌پاشی کلات آهن به‌خصوص به فرم نانو می‌توان تا حد زیادی اثرات سوء ناشی از تنش خشکی را تعدیل و عملکرد دانه گیاه را افزایش داد.

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