تأثیر ترکیب‌های مختلف کشت مخلوط آفتابگردان (Helianthus annus L.)، لوبیا‌قرمز (Phaseolus calcaratus L.) و کنجد (Sesamum indicum L.) بر عملکرد و اجزای‌عملکرد

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی و مقایسه ترکیب‌های مختلف کشت‌مخلوط سه گونه زراعی آفتابگردان (Helianthus annus L.)، لوبیا‌قرمز (Phaseolus calcaratus L.) و کنجد (Sesamum indicum L.) بر خصوصیات رشدی، عملکرد و اجزای‌عملکرد، آزمایشی در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشکده ‌کشاورزی دانشگاه ‌فردوسی ‌مشهد در دو سال زراعی 89-1388 و 90-1389 در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با شش‌تیمار و چهار‌تکرار انجام شد. ترکیب‌های مختلف کشت‌مخلوط شامل مخلوط ردیفی آفتابگردان، کنجد و لوبیا (A)، مخلوط ردیفی آفتابگردان، کنجد و لوبیا‌قرمز (دو ردیف از هر گونه) (B)، مخلوط نواری آفتابگردان، کنجد و لوبیا‌قرمز (چهار ردیف از هر گونه) (C) و کشت‌های خالص آفتابگردان (D)، لوبیا (E) و کنجد (F) (12 ردیف از هر گونه) بود. نتایج نشان‌داد که اثر ترکیب‌های مختلف کشت‌مخلوط بر خصوصیات رویشی، اجزای‌عملکرد، عملکرد‌بیولوژیک، عملکرد‌ دانه و شاخص‌برداشت آفتابگردان، کنجد و لوبیا‌قرمز معنی دار (01/0p

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