بررسی اثر تاریخ کاشت و مصرف کود نیتروژن بر رشد، عملکرد و ترکیبات تشکیل‌دهنده اسانس رازیانه (Foeniculum vulgare) در شرایط شوشتر

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شوشتر

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر کود نیتروژن و تاریخ کاشت بر رشد، درصد اسانس و عملکرد اسانس بذر و اندام هوایی گیاه دارویی رازیانه (Foeniculum vulgare) آزمایشی به‌صورت کرت‏های خرد شده در قالب طرح بلوک کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در سال زراعی 90-89 در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد شوشتر انجام شد. تیمار تاریخ کاشت در 15 آبان و اول آذر در کرت اصلی و مصرف 100، 125 و 150 کیلوگرم کود اوره در هکتار در کرت فرعی قرار گرفت. تاریخ کاشت و نیتروژن رشد و عملکرد اسانس بذر و اندام هوایی رازیانه را تحت تأثیر قرار داد. نتایج مقایسه میانگین اثر متقابل تاریخ کاشت و کود نیتروژن نشان داد که تاریخ کاشت 15 آبان نسبت به اول آذر با مصرف 125 و 150 کیلوگرم کود اوره سبب افزایش وزن خشک اندام هوایی (به‌ترتیب 5/442 و 9/438 گرم در مترمربع)، درصد اسانس بذر (9/2 و 8/2 درصد)، درصد اسانس اندام هوایی (14/3 و 12/3 درصد)، عملکرد اسانس بذر (2/2 گرم در متر مربع) و عملکرد اسانس اندام هوایی (9/13 و 6/13 گرم در متر مربع) گردید. می‏توان گفت بهترین تیمار جهت افزایش عملکرد و کیفیت اسانس بذر و اندام هوایی گیاه رازیانه در شمال خوزستان تاریخ کاشت 15 آبان و مصرف 125 کیلوگرم بر هکتار کود نیتروژن می‏ باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


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